Infinitives gerunds participles
Infinitives, gerunds, participles
1. Finite verbs
These verbs are change according to the person (1st, 2nd ,3rd )and the number (singular, plural)of their subject.
- They play cricket. (They…..play)
- He play cricket. (He …………plays)
2. Infinite verbs.
These verbs are not limit by the person or number of a subject. They don’t also express the tense of the verb.
In the sentence. They like to sing. To sing is an infinite verb.
- I want to write a letter.
- To err is human.
Note 1 : in simple words, it means to say that an infinitive is form by adding ‘’to’’ to the first form of verb of the present Tense of a finite verb as to jump, to break ,to go, to come, to add, to stand, to purchase, etc.
Note 2 : with some certain verbs and phrases to (infinitive sign ) is not used. Such infinitive is called as bare infinitive. These certain verbs are:
Dare, bid, make, hear, let, see, had better, need not, would, rather….than, would sooner ….than.
Can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would.
- Please ,let them come in the room.
- You need not worry about it.
- She would rather die than beg.
- I heard her shouting.
- You dare not face you parents.
(A verb used as an adjective)
A verb can be made an adjective by ‘’ing’’ or ‘’ed’’ participles.
There are two major kinds of participles:
First form of verb with ‘ing’
Taking, debating, speaking, etc.
(Hence it is also called ‘ing’ form of verb. )
(Third from of the verb: and is call‘ed’ participle)
Verb ing participle ‘’ed’’ participle
A verb used as noun is call a gerund. A gerund is derive (originated) from a verb by adding ‘’ing’’ with it.
- Write_________ writing
- Ride __________ riding
- Teach _________ teaching
- Swim__________ swimming
Note:1 gerund is also use as a subject: as he following examples show:
- Riding is enjoyable
- Teaching is a very noble profession.
Note: 2 when gerund is used in the middle of a sentence It always has a preposition with it. so there are some example that show a sentence
- He is afraid of riding a horse.
- His favorite game, swimming is difficult to learn. (Apposition)
- The little girl has learnt writing.(Object of verb)
- They were sorry for being late.(Object of preposition)
- My favorite sports are running. (Complement)
- my younger brother is fond of swimming.
It is very important to not here that when a gerund is use like an ordinary noun It must have the before it and of after it. It is then called a verbal noun.
- Coming of you friend here is sure now. (Incorrect)
- The coming of your friend here is sure now. (Correct)
- Shooting of the birds is banned in this forest. (Incorrect)
- The shooting of the birds is banned in this forest. (Correct)