The Adjective is A word which modifies a noun or pronoun is called an adjective. OR an adjective is a word which is used to qualify a noun or pronoun.
کی وضاحت کرتا ہے اسم صفت کہلاتا ہے۔یا اسم صفت ایک لفظ ہےPronounیاNoun ایک لفظ جوکو کوئی خوبی، اچھائی یا برائی دینے کیلئے استعمال ہوتا ہے۔Nounجو کسی
Tall man, Red shirt, Long bar, Black dress, This year, Middle row, Less time, Larger share,
that word, Tall, Red, Long, Black, This,Middle, Less, Larger, are the adjectives.
The Degrees of Adjective:
There are three degrees of adjectives:
By add ”er” and ”est” after the positive degree, the comparative and superlative degrees are made, as the following chart shows.
In another from (order):
in some cases, by adding more and most after the positive degree, comparative and superlative are also made: as the following chart shows:
|Important||More important||Most important|
|Indifferent||More indifferent||Most indifferent|
|Intelligent||More intelligent||Most intelligent|
|Expensive||More expensive||Most expensive|
|Fruitful||More fruitful||Most fruitful|
The formation of adjectives:
i) some noun adjectives are made by the help of noun itself; as the following chart shows;
ii) in some cases, some verb adjectives are formed by the help of a verb itself; as the following chart shows;
The Kinds of adjectives:
the following are the kinds of adjectives:
i) Demonstrative Adjectives ii) Descriptive Adjectives
iii) Interrogative Adjectives iv) Possessive Adjectives
v) Distributive Adjectives vi) Quantitative Adjectives
i) Demonstrative Adjectives:
These adjectives specify noun by the words: this ,that, these, those, etc, as the following examples show:
- This fan is very durable.
- These apples are very sweet.
- That boy is also funny.
- Those books are mine.
ii) Distributive Adjectives:
This kind of adjectives presents or shows the nouns singularly; these are as: all,both,each, every, either, neither, etc.
- Every seat has already been occupied in the main hall of the college.
- Each girl has money box.
- Neither fan is running in the right order.
- Either book is suitable for reading.
iii) Interrogative Adjectives:
They ask which or what things is meant:
- Whose one of then is better at studies?
- Whose pens are these?
- what is the price of this book?
iv) Possessive Adjectives:
These adjectives are use with the nouns to show the possession of a thing.
- My House, Their class, Your land, His shoes, Her money etc.
v) Descriptive Adjectives:
These adjective denote any quality or characteristics of a noun,
For examples: Dead sea, Burning train, Boiled eggs, shining stars,etc.
iii) Proper Adjectives:
These ones tell or show us a quality of a thing or person in accordance with some proper noun.
For Example: American President, Indian player, British Law, Sindhi Woman, Punjabi People.