The Pronoun

The Pronoun:

To define it we can simply say that a word use in the place of a noun. It mean the word which is use in the place noun.

ایک لفظ جواسم کی جگہ استعمال ہوتا ہےاسم ضمیر کہلاتاہے۔


Mr.Ali often comes in our house. All the members of our family love and like Mr. Ali. Mr. Ali also likes and loves us very much. Mr.Ali is like a member of our family.

Now read….

Mr.Ali often comes in our house. All the members of our family love and like him. He also likes and loves us very much. He is like a member of our family.

(Here….He,Him, is use for Mr.Ali )


A pronoun refers or relates to some noun which comes in right before this pronoun,its antecedent.

For example:

Here is the pen which i wanted to purchase.

(The Pen is Antecedent of pronoun which..)

The Kind of Pronoun:

Pronouns are generally classified into many different kinds but the most important are these:

  • Person pronouns.
  • Possessive pronouns.
  • Relative pronouns.
  • interrogative pronouns.
  • Distributive pronouns.

         Personal Pronouns:

Cases of Personal pronouns:

I, we, you, he she, it and they are personal pronouns because they stand for there persons:

First Person Singular I Me Mine
Plural We Us Ours
Second person Singular You Yours You
Plural You yours You
Third Person Singular He Him His
She Her Hers
It It Its
Plural They Them Theirs


In an other order:

Nominative subjective Possessive Genitive Accusative Objective/passive
I My(mine) Me
We Our Us
You Your You
He His Him
She Her Her
It Its It
They Their Them
One One’s One
Who Whose whom

Possessive Pronoun:

Possessive pronoun show possession of a thing.

For example:

This is their house.
یہ گھر ان کا ہے
This bike is mine.
یہ بئیک میرا ہے
Is his pen yours?
کیا یہ پن تمہارا ہے
These are their books
یہ کتابیں ان کی ہیں
Is this their farm house?
کیا یہ ان کا فارم ہاوٗس ہے

Relative Pronoun:

Generally they serve two purposes;

They are use in the place of a noun which has been use earlier in the sentence. and they also join two clauses. The relative pronouns are :

Who, which, what, that

عام طور پر یہ دو مقاصد کو ظاہر کرتے ہیں۔یہ ایک اسم کی جگہ میں استعمال کیے جاتے ہیں جو کہ جملہ میں پہلے ہی استعمال کیا جا چکا ہےاوریہ دو شقوں کو بھی جائن کرتے ہیں۔

For example:

He is that one who came in our house yesterday.
یہ وہی ہے جو کل میرے گھر آیا تھا۔
This is the very mobile which I want to purchase now.
یہی وہ موبائل ہے جسے میں اب خریدنا چاہتا ہوں
These are the items that were sold by him yesterday.
یہی وہ چیزیں ہیں جو اس سے کل بیچی گئیں

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